1.5. References

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Last update: June 2023

Bartlett, R. (2019). Visioning Futures—Improving infrastructure planning to harness nature’s benefits in a warming world (p. 62). WWF. https://files.worldwildlife.org/wwfcmsprod/files/Publication/file/3ntj8trz40_WWF_Visioning_Futures_2020_lo_res.pdf?_ga=2.223184411.128269257.1700481335-963127833.1700481335

Benítez-López, A., Alkemade, R., & Verweij, P. A. (2010). The impacts of roads and other infrastructure on mammal and bird populations: A meta-analysis. Biological Conservation, 143(6), 1307-1316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2010.02.009

Borda-de-Água, L., Barrientos, R., Beja, P., & Pereira, H. M. (2017). Railway Ecology. In: L. Borda-de-Água, R. Barrientos, P. Beja, & H. M. Pereira (Eds.), Railway Ecology (pp. 3–9). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-57496-7_1

Buxton, R. T., McKenna, M. F., Mennitt, D., Fristrup, K., Crooks, K., Angeloni, L., & Wittemyer, G. (2017). Noise pollution is pervasive in U.S. protected areas. Science, 356(6337), 531-533. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aah4783

European Commission. (2011). White paper: Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system. COM(2011) 144 final. https://eur- lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:0144:FIN:en:PDF

European Commission. (2013). Green infrastructure (GI) – Enhancing Europe´s Natural Capital. COM(2013) 249 final.  https://environment.ec.europa.eu/topics/nature-and-biodiversity/green-infrastructure_en#reports

European Commission. (2020). EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030. Bringing nature back into our lives. COM(2020) 380 final. https://eurlex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A52020DC0380

European Commission. (2021). First ‘zero pollution’ monitoring and outlook ‘Pathways towards cleaner air, water and soil for Europe’. COM (2022) 674 final. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52022DC0674

European Council. (2000). Council of Europe Landscape Convention (ETS-176). www.coe.int/EuropeanLandscapeConvention

European Environment Agency. (2010). Towards an early warning and information system for invasive alien species (IAS) threatening biodiversity in Europe. Publications Office. https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2800/4167 

European Environment Agency. (2016). Infrastructure density and accessibility by country. https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and- maps/daviz/infrastructure-density-and-accessibility-per-country-1/#tab-chart_1

European Environment Agency. (2016). Quiet areas in Europe: The environment unaffected by noise pollution. Publications Office. https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2800/7586

European Environment Agency. (2018). Landscape fragmentation Effective Mesh Density 2018: Major and medium anthropogenic fragmenting elements [dataset]. https://sdi.eea.europa.eu/catalogue/srv/eng/catalog.search#/metadata/67110f21-39cb-48be-878e-d08b64a72256

European Environment Agency. (2022a). Transport and environment report 2022: Digitalisation in the mobility system: challenges and opportunities. Publications Office. https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2800/47438 

European Environment Agency. (2022b). Trends and projections in Europe 2022. Publications Office. https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2800/16646 

European Environment Agency. (2022c). Outlook to 2030 – Can the number of people affected by transport noise be cut by 30%?  https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/outlook-to-2030/outlook-to-2030-can-the

European Parliamentary Research Service. (2020). Transport policy. Briefing. EU policies – Delivering for citizens. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2020/646177/EPRS_BRI%282020%29646177_EN.pdf

Forman, R. T. T. (1995). Land mosaics: The ecology of landscapes and regions, (1st ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN: 0521479800.

Forman, R. T. T., & Alexander, L. E. (1998). Roads and their major ecological effects. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29, 207-231. https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.29.1.207

Forman, R. T. T., & Godron, M. (1986). Landscape ecology, (1st ed.). Wiley. ISBN: 9780471870371.

Forman, R. T. T., Sperling, D., Bissonette, J. A., Clevenger, A. P., Cutshall, C. D., Dale, V. H., Fahrig, L., Goldman, C. R., Heanue, K., Jones, J. A., Swanson, F. J., Swanson, F. J., Swanson, F. J., Turrentine, T. S., & Winter, T. C. (2003). Road Ecology: Science and Solutions, (1st ed.). Island Press. ISBN: 1559639334.

Georgiadis, L. (editor) (2020). A Global Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Transport and other Linear Infrastructure. IENE, ICOET, ANET, ACLIE, WWF, IUCN. (26pp.). https://www.iene.info/content/uploads/2020Dec_GlobalStrategyOnSustainableLTI205043.pdf

Haddad, N. M., Brudvig, L. A., Clobert, J., Davies, K. F., Gonzalez, A., Holt, R. D., Lovejoy, T. E., Sexton, J. O., Austin, M. P., Collins, C. D., Cook, W. M., Damschen, E. I., Ewers, R. M., Foster, B. L., Jenkins, C. N., King, A. J., Laurance, W. F., Levey, D. J., Margules, C. R., … Townshend, J. R. (2015). Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on Earth’s ecosystems. Science Advances, 1(2), e1500052. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1500052 

Helldin, J. O., Collinder, P., Bengtsson, D., Karlberg, Å., & Askling, J. (2013). Assessment of Traffic Noise Impact in Important Bird Sites in Sweden – a Practical Method for the Regional Scale. Oecologia Australis, 17(1), 48-62. https://doi.org/10.4257/oeco.2013.1701.05

Ibisch, P. L., Hoffmann, M. T., Kreft, S., Pe’er, G., Kati, V., Biber-Freudenberger, L., DellaSala, D. A., Vale, M. M., Hobson, P. R., & Selva, N. (2016). A global map of roadless areas and their conservation status. Science, 354(6318), 1423-1427. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaf7166

IENE. (2012). Overcome Barriers, Europe-wide and now: The IENE 2012 Declaration. IENE 2012 International conference on Ecology and Transportation, Linköping. https://www.iene.info/content/uploads/2016/04/IENE-2012-Declaration.pdf

IENE. (2015). Protect remaining roadless areas: The IENE 2014 declaration. Nature Conservation, 11, 1-4. https://doi.org/10.3897/natureconservation.11.5630

IENE. (2016). IENE 2016 declaration: Ecological design and maintenance for habitats related to transport infrastructures. IENE. https://www.iene.info/news/iene-2016-declaration/

Iuell, B., Bekker, G. J., Cuperus, R., Dufek, J., Fry, G., Hick, C., Hlaváč, H., Keller, V., Rosell, C., Sangwine, T. Torslov, N., & Wandall, B. (2003). Wildlife and Traffic. A European Handbook for Identifying Conflicts and Designing Solutions. KNNV Publishers. https://handbookwildlifetraffic.info/

Kati, V., Kassara, C., Psaralexi, M., Tzortzakaki, O., Petridou, M., Galani, A., & Hoffmann, M. T. (2020). Conservation policy under a roadless perspective: Minimizing fragmentation in Greece. Biological Conservation, 252, 108828. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108828

Kephalopoulos,